Kepayang or Pangium EDULE

Pangium EDULE

Pangium EDULE
Pangium EDULE

 Kluwak, or Keluak, Pucung, or in Indonesia is called Kepayang and the Latin tongue Pangium edule is a large tree plant with a wide, open crown and scattered with a diameter of up to 50 meters. The tree usually reaches a height of 25 meters and can grow up to 60 meters. Straight cylindrical bars are often branches about 5 meters and can reach 120 cm in diameter and with triangular supports from 3 to 5 meters high.

The Kluwak or Kepayang tree is a multipurpose tree that is very important in the local economy of traditional communities, although it is rarely used in many modern societies. Although raw poisonous seeds, Kepayang is generally harvested from nature and used as food by the local community.

Clicks of Cluwak or wooden tree.

The Kepayang plant is mainly in the lowlands in the humid tropics, which can be found at an altitude of up to 1,200 meters and grows better in areas where the average annual temperature is in the range of 22 to 28 ° C, but it can Tolerate 18 - 32 ° C.

Kapayang or Kluwak plants prefer fertile and humid soil in the middle of the sun. While in Indonesia this tree prefers a slightly acidic soil with a little shadow. Kepayang young plants grow rapidly in the first years, but may take 10-15 years before fruiting begins. The flowers are slightly fragrant and occur immediately after each new irrigation. The fruit can occur 1 to 4 times a year.

Benefits and Use of Plant Cluwak or Kepayang

Uses for food

  • Kepayang seeds or fruit should be cooked or processed to eliminate toxic compounds, while immature seeds are used to prepare 'Sayur Lodeh' and 'Rawon' that are typical Indonesian foods. The mature seeds are fermented in holes to produce 'Kluwak', which has a distinctive flavor, is slightly bitter and used to make soups, stews and condiments on the other hand. The oil obtained from the seeds is sometimes used for cooking purposes when coconut oil is scarce.

Drug benefits

  1. The glycosides contained in Kluwak or Kepayang plants, although poisonous, also have several medical applications and, in particular, have antiseptic properties and fresh and crushed seeds can be used to sterilize wounds.
  2. The leaves are antiseptic, crushed and used as an external medicine to sterilize wounds, treat skin parasites, etc.
  3. In adition, Kepayang's leaves are heated over a fire and then placed around the head and covered with a cloth to treat the lice.
  4. The inner cortex is heated on a hot stone and the resulting steam is used as a steam bath to relieve swollen and painful joints.


  • The oil of the seeds is used as an illuminating and in the manufacture of soap.
  • The shells are used as ravenings in the dance masks.
  • The core of the wood is light yellow without light limits of the albuff and yellowish orange to color, the wood is hard, but it is not very durable, but it can still be used for use in the traditional construction of the house, etc. .

Cultivation of Cluwak or Kapayang

Given the resistant shell of Kepayang seed, fridge is preferred followed by water soaking for 24 hours before sowing. A place for outbreaks of seeds consisting of sand to facilitate elimination. Germination takes approximately 1 month, the seeds are transferred to the polyethylene bag after 2 to 3 sheets. The pot medium consists of equal amounts of compost and sand. After 4 months, seedlings can be transferred to a garden or permanent land.

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